A refugee is someone outside of the US, whose nationality is of another country, and they are seeking refuge within the United States. A person may seek refuge because of war or persecution occurring in their home country. The United States accepts a certain number of refugees each year, and the process can take a very long time for a refugee.
Refugees come to the United States from everywhere in the world. Where the most refugees come from each year changes depending on where war and persecution is highest. In 2018, the most refugees came from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burma / Myanmar, the Ukraine and Bhutan.
In order to resettle in the United States, a refugee most often needs to first go through the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). UNHCR screens those who apply to determine whether their status qualifies them for resettlement. If so, the UNHCR will refer them, either to the U.S. or to other countries. Refugees can also be referred for resettlement in the United States through the United States Refugee Admissions Program.
The screening and vetting process takes an average of two years for each refugee. To be permitted to resettle in the United States, a refugee must go through many background checks and interviews conducted by the United States Refugee Admissions Program, including:
Swipe through the journey
It usually takes 3-5 year for a
refugee to enter the United States.